Is Pupula Duplex a real condition? Does it really exist? Is it true or just fake? Does it happen?
If you’ve been asking yourself these questions, then know that pupula duplex is an extremely rare condition where people have two irises and two pupils (pupilae, pupila, pupula, different languages that justify the name of the condition)
What happens is that since the double pupil condition is so rare, there are many people claiming it is just a myth and that it doesn’t exist.
In fact, there is no evidence that proves once and for all that this condition exists since nobody seems to have it presently.
Was this always the case?
Let’s dive deep and try to solve the Pupula Duplex condition, or myth depending on who you ask, by approaching it in the best and most in-depth way we can.
Is Pupula Duplex a Real Condition? Double Pupil Disease:
The first mention of the double pupil condition, or the Pupula Duplex genetic trait, comes from Ancient China, in 995 AD.
The strange and rare condition was reported to affect Liu Ch’ung, the minister of state.
Liu could allegedly see without any complications and like anyone else. However, these records are easy to prove and could simply be an age-old story.
Not only that, health professionals and experts claim that if the condition existed, people would suffer from symptoms that would be reminiscent of those with holes in the Iris.
This is why some researchers claim maybe Liu Ch’ung had Pseudopolycoria instead of Pupula Duplex.
Interesting concepts, but can we go further?
Well, just to finish up with Liu Ch’ung’s story, the Ripley’s Museum of Wax in London had his statue made and the figure is represented with four pupils and four irises – this goes to show people do take this story seriously. Some people say this may represent Polycoria as well.
Pupula Duplex or Double Pupil May Explain Evil Eye!
Another common mention throughout history is of the “Evil Eye”.
You can see the evil eye depicted in a lot of works by great ancient writers, and in 2013 we found a Wikipedia page that existed registering “Evil Eye” as a real condition, so the plot thickens.
When the page was tracked to its author, the Wiki editor says he was tricked and thought pupula duplex or evil eye was a real condition, and that he later took the page down because there was no sufficient evidence.
There was also a show called “Ripley’s Believe it or Not” by Robert Ripley, and in that show, he says that in 1931, he met a man named Henry Hawn who HAD double pupils and resided in Mills, Kentucky.
There are no photos of Henry available (1931) and nobody reported the case to a health professional, which is unfortunate but comprehensible so it doesn’t add or take much from the myth/condition.
However, Polycoria was proven to exist – not Pupula Duplex, but a different condition.
In Conclusion: Is Pupula Duplex a Real Condition?
In modern ophthalmology, you won’t ever find the term in the literature, and some people even go as far as debating the origin of the term, saying it could probably be used in the past to define other eye conditions.
There is some evidence to back up that this condition can exist, but unfortunately, it is not enough to prove it, and if you believe the absence of definitive proof means something doesn’t exist, then this condition doesn’t exist and may be considered a myth.
There is photographic evidence to support Polycoria now, so who knows if Pupula Duplex will also be proven when the next patient is born in modern times where his case will be reported and registered – after all, there are plenty of mentions of Pupula Duplex cases in the past, though medical records were close to non-existent in those days.
I hope you liked this article, a curiosity piece of sorts as I was reading on myths and stumbled upon this very curious one.
As for me, I think that maybe this genetic problem is so rare that we simply didn’t have any cases of it since modern medicine went mainstream – after all, we only have a handful of cases written down in the last 2000 years of history.
A curious fact, but an interesting one!